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从Eld到TMS:解码运输的首字母缩略词汤

全球运输供应链is complex, with stakeholders throughout the world working together to pair freight with available capacity to move shipments from point of origin to final destination.

这complex nature of the supply chain also gives rise to a wide range of terms and acronyms that refer to key aspects of the industry. Whether you are new to transportation or a seasoned professional, keeping track of what each of these terms means can sometimes be a challenge.

在这个博客文章中,我们简要介绍了一些普通行业首字母缩略词,他们的意思以及每个人在帮助全球供应链的工作中发挥作用有效率的

其中一些首字母缩略词包括:

BOL:提单

提单(BOL)是指运营商向托运人提供承认收到的文件,以确认他们正在携带的运费。包含在BOL中的一些常见细节是运费,其数量和目的地。该BOL还伴随着最终目的地的运费,以作为接收者承认其成功交付的方式。

While transportation has evolved, the concept of a BOL is nothing new. In fact, the modern BOL can trace its roots as far back as to罗马时代

CDL: Commercial Driver’s License

经营商用车辆是一个很大的责任。为了确保适当的培训,大多数商业驱动因素都需要在其家庭州获得商业驾驶执照(CDL)。

要收到CDL,潜在的许可证持有人必须通过技能和知识测试。如果驾驶员操作特殊的车辆,例如坦克车或拖运潜在的危险材料,则可能需要一些附加的认可。

CDMA:Code-Division多址

In a world of remote diagnostics and electronic logging (more on that later), commercial vehicles are increasingly required to maintain some sort of connectivity to wireless networks. Code-Division Multiple Access (CDMA) refers to an older, 3G network that many legacy telematics devices utilize.

随着无线运营商投资更快的4G长期演进(LTE)网络,它们开始了日落他们的CDMA网络。对于利用旧设备的车队,他们可能需要考虑升级其设备以确保继续连通。

CMV:商业机动车

正如商业司机需要获得特殊许可证,联邦政府也将商业机动车(CMV)分类为自己的类别。CMV是定义as a vehicle “used on the highways in interstate commerce to transport passengers or property.”

In addition to how it is used, a vehicle is classified as a CMV if it meets certain weight and passenger thresholds, as well as if it is hauling material designated as hazardous.

CSA: Compliance, Safety and Accountability

合规性,安全和问责制或CSA是安全和合规计划联邦汽车载体安全管理。该计划旨在保留运营商及其司机对我们国家道路的安全负责。

这program utilizes data from roadside inspections, crash reports and investigation results to identify carriers most at-risk and to prioritize them for interventions to improve their safety and potentially avoid future accidents and violations.

ELD:电子记录设备

电子记录设备(ELD)用于电子方式跟踪驾驶员的服务时间。ELD直接与车辆发动机连接以记录驾驶时间,有助于提高驾驶员记录的准确性和可见性,以帮助改善所有司机的道路上的安全性。

在2019年美国的许多舰队都成为了ELDS所要求的加拿大授权他们by June 2021. Fleets can utilize the rich amount of driver data provided by ELDs to improve driverand vehicle performance, empowering them to optimize available driver hours, proactively spot potential compliance issues and integrate driver and vehicle information with critical back office systems.

FMCSA: Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration

Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administrationor FMCSA is the lead transportation regulatory body of the U.S. federal government. The FMCSA is tasked with regulating and providing safety oversight of CMVs to help reduce accidents and fatalities involving commercial vehicles.

FMCSA是在运输部门建立的,并于2000年1月1日出现。

HOS: Hours of Service

服务时间(HOS)是指CMV驱​​动程序在值班上的时间。这一次可以包括驾驶时间,但也可以封装其他时间驱动程序在时钟上花费。FMCSA规范了律师,以确保司机正在获得适当的休息,以确保他们在车轮后面保持清醒和警报。

2020年9月,FMCSA实施了HOS规则的变化,以提供在操作时具有额外灵活性的驱动程序el, including adjustments to the short-haul exemption and 30-minute rest break requirement as well as allowing drivers more discretion when using the split-sleeper-berth exception or when encountering adverse driving conditions.

IFTA:国际燃油税协议

Certain CMVs that travel in more than one U.S. state or Canadian province need to file a report of all motor fuel taxes, noting miles traveled and the amount of fuel consumed.

International Fuel Tax Agreement (IFTA)是加拿大各省和一些美国之间的协议,以简化燃料使用的报告,并确保支付适当的税款并归因于正确的州或省。

OS&D:过度,短暂和损坏

作为整个供应链的运输,有时会出现问题 - 无论是错误的项目或数量是否在旅程中损坏。

Over, Short & Damaged (OS&D) refers to any freight that fits this category and is used to help specify what went wrong so that carriers and receivers can rectify the situation appropriately.

PC: Personal Conveyance

有些运营商允许司机在下班时使用车辆进行个人使用。这个人运输(PC)是一个特殊的驾驶类别,司机必须在他们的eld上占据账户。

使用PC类别时,驱动程序必须将其职责状态从“关闭”到“PC”更改。一旦卡车开始移动,ELD将在ELD记录的第1行上自动将此下班驾驶时间放置在第3行驱动线上。

PM:预防性维护

预防性维护或PM是定期的,计划维护CMV和其他资产,以保持它们和运行。从石油变化和调整到零件更换,常规PM间隔帮助运营商避免计划的维护事件和昂贵停机的可能性。

Many fleets utilize an资产维护平台帮助以电子方式管理其资产,减少文书工作,并越来越越来越多的组织维护活动的可见度。

POD: Proof of Delivery

递送证明(POD)是用于确认货物成功将其成功发送到目的地的文档。

Initially paper-based, technology has evolved to digitize PODs and to help improve document management. Not only does this reduce paperwork but an electronic solution can help carriers加快发票过程

TMS:运输管理系统

运输管理系统(TMS)管理整个运输组织的操作 - 从订单输入,负载规划和跟踪到客户服务,驾驶员管理和派遣。

经过utilizing a TMS,运输组织在一个地方获得关键信息,包括位置数据,状态,eta,加载细节和驱动程序和设备信息 - 所有这些都可以增加运营效率和生产率。

YM: Yard Move

类似于PC,院子里移动(ym)是由ELD授权指定的特殊驾驶类别,用于从公共道路上发生的车辆的任何移动,例如在终端或其他公司设施。

与PC时间的情况一样,驱动程序指定任何YM时间至关重要,以确保其由ELD正确捕获。

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这transportation industry has a lot of acronyms and understanding some of the more common ones is important, regardless of your role or place in the supply chain.

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